Home monitoring of transplant patients
Recovery after transplant operation
Allowing transplant patients to leave the hospital early and recover at home will be a routine practice around EU by 2030. New systems will include with an integrated camera, microphone and speakers for interactive video-conferences, patients will be monitored and supported from their homes, with the possibility of collecting biometric data, managing their treatment and offering face to face support via video conferencing.
Such telehealth monitoring systems will be important solutions, not only for early discharge from hospital, but also for better day-to-day monitoring of transplant patients, that can be carried out more frequently without patients going to the hospital for routine check-ups. This is particularly true in the first three months after a transplant, an extremely delicate moment from a clinical point of view, when patients need to be constantly connected with their healthcare team. Through a special kit, the device will allow for the periodic assessment of vital parameters (like blood pressure, heart rate, blood oxygen concentration) and the automatic entering of the results into the system.
The system actually enables a two-way dialogue between patients and the healthcare staff (medical practitioners, transplant coordinators, therapists and psychologists), making patients feel better monitored and allowing them to ask for immediate support. The system will not only collect biometric data, but also offer multimedia educational content concerning behavioural measures to be adopted at home and practical advice for a healthy lifestyle. Its touch screen will make it easy to use and suitable even for people without computer skills.
There are some case pilot projects already using the described technology. The major challenges remains in the side of social innovation. How to integrate such an approach in the hospital practices? On the other hand who will pay for the mainstreaming of such technologies and their proper use?